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CEREBYX®Clinical Studies (fosphenytoin sodium)

14 CLINICAL STUDIES

Infusion tolerance was evaluated in clinical studies. One double-blind study assessed infusion-site tolerance of equivalent loading doses (15 to 20 mg PE/kg) of CEREBYX infused at 150 mg PE/min or phenytoin infused at 50 mg/min. The study demonstrated better local tolerance (pain and burning at the infusion site), fewer disruptions of the infusion, and a shorter infusion period for CEREBYX-treated patients (Table 8).

TABLE 8. Infusion Tolerance of Equivalent Loading Doses of IV CEREBYX and IV Phenytoin
IV CEREBYX
N=90
IV Phenytoin
N=22
*
Percent of patients
Local Intolerance9%*90%
Infusion Disrupted21%67%
Average Infusion Time13 min44 min

CEREBYX-treated patients, however, experienced more systemic sensory disturbances [see Warnings and Precautions (5.10)]. Infusion disruptions in CEREBYX-treated patients were primarily due to systemic burning, pruritus, and/or paresthesia while those in phenytoin-treated patients were primarily due to pain and burning at the infusion site (see Table 8). In a double-blind study investigating temporary substitution of CEREBYX for oral phenytoin, IM CEREBYX was as well-tolerated as IM placebo. IM CEREBYX resulted in a slight increase in transient, mild to moderate local itching (23% of CEREBYX-treated patients vs 11% of IM placebo-treated patients at any time during the study). This study also demonstrated that equimolar doses of IM CEREBYX may be substituted for oral phenytoin sodium with no dosage adjustments needed when initiating IM or returning to oral therapy. In contrast, switching between IM and oral phenytoin requires dosage adjustments because of slow and erratic phenytoin absorption from muscle.

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